A selection of research by academics and practitioners into the value and practice of timebanking. Please email us if you know of other useful research we can add to this list.

Unmet Needs and Unused Capacities: Timebanking as a Solution
Neva Goodwin & Edgar Cahn

The core economy and the public purpose economy, together with the market economy, are a trio that are differentiated by their goals; by what kind of demand they respond to; by how they define and reward work; and by what kind of currency they use. 

Timebanking to Meet Integration Challenges of Asylum Seekers, Refugees and Migrants in the Context of Urban Poverty in the UK
Carina Skropke
August 2018 

The study explores how timebanking can contribute to the integration and assimilation of asylum seekers, refugees and migrants in the context of urban poverty in the UK. It draws on empirical evidence from a case study of the Hull and East Riding time bank.

The Evolution of Giving: An Exploration of Time Banking as a Community Development Instrument
Sara Singh 
May 2017

The central assertion of this paper is that if timebanking processes are good, people will make it work because they have so much to gain and little to lose. 

The Time Bank Solution
Edgar Cahn & Christine Gray
Summer 2015

People engage in timebanking in dozens of countries worldwide. For decades, it has been a relatively small-scale movement. But signs are emerging that it may be an idea whose time has come.

Resilience or Resistance? Time Banking in the Age of Austerity
Lee Gregory
April 2018

This paper explores how timebanking was promoted by the UK coalition government within the Big Society programme and social care reform.

Time and Punishment: A Comparison of UK and US Time Bank Use in Criminal Justice Systems
Lee Gregory
April 2015

This paper explores two developments in the relationship between time banks and the criminal justice system: the Time Dollar Youth Court established in the US, and an initiative involving a UK time bank and a prison.

Introduction to Time Banking and Time Credits
Dr Sanna Markkanen & Dr Gemma Burgess
October 2015

The aim of this evaluation of the public health outcomes of the Cambridgeshire Time Credits project in Wisbech is to determine its potential to tackle social exclusion, loneliness and deprivation and to assess the extent to which it can reduce health inequalities. 

Co-producing the School? A Case Study of Youth Participation in Timebanking
Olivia Pearson
December 2015

This thesis reports on a multi-method, qualitative case study into the implementation of timebanking in a Welsh secondary school.

An Evaluation of the Broadway Skills Exchange Time Bank
Joanne Bretherton & Nicholas Pleace

The overall aim of the research was to evaluate the extent to which the Broadway Time Bank met its aims and objectives of increased employability through skills development, work experience and increased confidence and selfesteem; supporting people into employment or self-employment and increasing positive involvement in the local community. 

Evaluation of the Cambridgeshire Timebanks
Gemma Burgess
January 2014

This study evaluates the outputs and outcomes of four Cambridgeshire timebanks. It is exploring what impacts they have on individuals and communities, and, in particular, whether they can generate public cost savings.

Improving Health through Participation: Time Banks as a Site for Co-Production
Lee Gregory
September 2012

This research examines the relationship between timebanking and co-production within health care. 

Building Community Capacity: Making an Economic Case
Martin Knapp, Annette Bauer, Margaret Perkins & Tom Snell
September 2010

This report explores whether it’s possible to deploy available individual, community and public resources in different ways and combinations to achieve better outcomes. 

Defining a Framework for Sustainable Time Banking to Assist Developing and Established Time Banks in Strengthening the Core Economy
Katharine Devitt
April 2009

There is a lack of statistical data to inform strategies that can help time banks to create sustainable social networks, receive sufficient funding and remain active within a community. This report presents results from a qualitative questionnaire, distributed to active time banks in the UK in 2007, and uses analysis to create a recommendation framework for sustainable timebanking.

Tackling Social Exclusion with Community Currencies: Learning from LETS to Time Banks
Gill Sefang

In this paper, Gill Sefang explores the journey of skill-sharing, asset-based mechanisms in the UK and looks at factors such as what motivates people to join time banks, and how time banks acts as a means of informal support for those who may not have access to informal networks of support.